Leukoplakia is a condition that affects the mouth and is characterized by white patches on the tongue, inner cheeks, and gums. It is caused by an overgrowth of cells in the mouth, which can be caused by a variety of factors. The most common cause is smoking, but it can also be caused by poor oral hygiene, irritation from dentures or braces, or even certain medications. Leukoplakia is not contagious and is usually painless, but it can be a sign of a more serious underlying condition.
Leukoplakia can be divided into two types: simple and proliferative. Simple leukoplakia is the most common type and is characterized by white patches that are flat and do not rub off easily. These patches are usually painless and do not cause any other symptoms. Proliferative leukoplakia is more serious and is characterized by raised white patches that may bleed or become irritated.
This type of leukoplakia can be a sign of an underlying condition such as oral cancer or HIV/AIDS. It is important to see a doctor if you have any signs or symptoms of leukoplakia. Your doctor will examine your mouth and may take a biopsy to determine if the patches are cancerous or not. Treatment for leukoplakia depends on the type and severity of the condition. Simple leukoplakia may not require any treatment, but your doctor may recommend quitting smoking or avoiding irritants such as dentures or braces if they are causing the condition.
Proliferative leukoplakia may require more aggressive treatment such as surgery or radiation therapy. Mouth diseases can range from mild to severe and can have a variety of causes. Leukoplakia is one type of mouth disease that is characterized by white patches in the mouth. It is usually caused by smoking, poor oral hygiene, irritation from dentures or braces, or certain medications. It can be divided into two types: simple and proliferative.
Simple leukoplakia does not usually require treatment, but proliferative leukoplakia may require more aggressive treatment such as surgery or radiation therapy. If you have any signs or symptoms of leukoplakia, it is important to see a doctor for diagnosis and treatment.