Oral cysts are small, fluid-filled sacs that can form in the mouth. They are usually painless and harmless, but can cause discomfort and even infection if left untreated. Oral cysts can occur in any part of the mouth, including the lips, tongue, gums, and cheeks. Oral cysts are caused by a variety of factors, including trauma to the mouth, infection, or a buildup of fluid.
In some cases, they may be caused by an underlying medical condition such as diabetes or an autoimmune disorder. There are several different types of oral cysts, including mucoceles, ranulas, and dentigerous cysts. Mucoceles are the most common type of oral cyst and are caused by a blocked salivary gland. They appear as small, round bumps on the inside of the mouth and can range in size from a few millimeters to several centimeters.
Ranulas are similar to mucoceles but are larger and deeper. They usually occur on the floor of the mouth and can cause pain and swelling. Dentigerous cysts form around the crowns of unerupted teeth and can cause damage to the surrounding teeth and bone. In most cases, oral cysts do not require treatment.
However, if they become infected or cause discomfort, they may need to be drained or surgically removed. In some cases, antibiotics may be prescribed to treat an infection. It is important to visit your dentist regularly for checkups so that any oral cysts can be identified early and treated appropriately. If you notice any changes in your mouth such as lumps or bumps, it is important to seek medical advice as soon as possible.