Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a type of cancer that affects the mouth and throat. It is the most common type of oral cancer, accounting for more than 90% of all oral cancers. OSCC can affect any part of the mouth, including the lips, tongue, gums, and throat. It is a serious condition that can be life-threatening if not treated promptly.OSCC is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
The most common risk factors for OSCC include smoking, heavy alcohol use, and exposure to certain viruses such as human papillomavirus (HPV). Other risk factors include poor oral hygiene, a weakened immune system, and a family history of oral cancer.The symptoms of OSCC vary depending on the location and size of the tumor. Common symptoms include a sore or lump in the mouth that does not heal, difficulty swallowing, pain or numbness in the mouth or throat, and changes in speech or voice. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to see your doctor right away.Diagnosis of OSCC typically involves a physical exam and imaging tests such as X-rays or CT scans.
A biopsy may also be performed to confirm the diagnosis. Treatment for OSCC typically involves surgery to remove the tumor, followed by radiation therapy and/or chemotherapy.OSCC is a serious condition that can be life-threatening if not treated promptly. It is important to be aware of the risk factors and symptoms of OSCC so that you can seek medical attention if needed. If you are diagnosed with OSCC, it is important to follow your doctor's instructions for treatment to ensure the best possible outcome.