Mouth diseases are a common problem that can cause discomfort and pain. One of the most common mouth diseases is oral lichenoid lesions, which are white patches that form on the inside of the mouth. These lesions can be caused by a variety of factors, including certain medications, allergies, and autoimmune diseases. In this article, we will discuss what oral lichenoid lesions are, what causes them, and how they can be treated. Oral lichenoid lesions are white patches that form on the inside of the mouth.
They can be found on the tongue, gums, inner cheeks, and lips. These lesions are usually painless but can cause discomfort when eating or drinking. They may also cause a burning sensation in the mouth. The exact cause of oral lichenoid lesions is not known, but there are several factors that may contribute to their development. Certain medications, such as antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs, can cause these lesions to form.
Allergies to certain foods or substances can also trigger the formation of these lesions. Autoimmune diseases such as lupus or Sjogren's syndrome can also cause oral lichenoid lesions. In some cases, oral lichenoid lesions may be caused by an infection. This is more common in people who have weakened immune systems due to HIV/AIDS or other conditions. If an infection is suspected, a doctor may take a sample of the lesion for testing. Treatment for oral lichenoid lesions depends on the underlying cause.
If an infection is present, antibiotics may be prescribed to treat it. If allergies or autoimmune diseases are causing the lesions, medications may be prescribed to reduce inflammation and control symptoms. In some cases, topical creams or ointments may be used to reduce discomfort. If the lesions do not respond to treatment or if they become worse over time, a biopsy may be necessary to determine if cancerous cells are present. In this procedure, a small sample of tissue is taken from the lesion and examined under a microscope. Oral lichenoid lesions can be uncomfortable and painful but they are usually not serious.
If you have any concerns about your mouth health, it is important to speak with your doctor for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan.